The Tsavo East National Park is the largest national park in Kenya, and covering an area of 11,747 km², the Eastern part is about 2000 km² larger than the Western part. The landscape is composed of savannah, steppes, forests, canyons and island mountains, as well as rivers. Tsavo East is famous for its “red elephants”, which enjoy dusting in the red soil (due to the high content of iron), in order to protect against the heat and parasites. Apart from lions, you can discover gazelles, rhinos, zebras, cheetahs and leopards in the park. Crocodiles can also be seen at river banks.
The Tsavo West National Park covers an area of 9065 km². In the south, it stretches to the border of Tanzania and in the north until the Athi River. The landscape of Tsavo West is hilly and more watery than Tsavo East, and there are many volcanic cones showing up in the area. At the Rhino Sanctuary, the last black rhinos of the area are fostered in an enclosed territory. The water of the Mzima Springs originates from the Kilimanjaro and is enjoyed by hippos and Nile crocodiles. The banks of Tsavo river, situated in the south, are lined with gallery forests. Due to the dense vegetation, the animals are not very easy to discover. With much luck, you will see the Big Five of East Africa: elephant, leopard, rhino, buffalo and lion.
The Amboseli National Park is located in the southwest of Kenya and borders on Tanzania. It stretches over 390 km² and is home of elephants, gnus, zebras, lions, cheetahs, hyaenas, African wild dogs and black rhinos. From here, you can also see the Kilimanjaro.